HAPPY 239TH BIRTHDAY U. S. NAVY — 13 October, 1775 – 13 October, 2014, dated from the creation of the Continental Navy by General George Washington after the Continental Congress failed to provide him with a critical naval arm. It appears that Congress has a long and rich history of obfuscation and ineptitude.
The Continental Navy was disbanded after the end of the Revolution (1785) and the country was without a Navy for about 10 years.
Gen. Washington (~1775-83) had strong feelings (as did later Pres. Washington 1789-97) about this deficit and declared 15 November 1781, to Marquis de Lafayette:
“It follows then as certain as that night succeeds the day, that without a decisive naval force we can do nothing definitive, and with it, everything honorable and glorious.”
After the war, Washington could not get Congress to budge for 13 years after this letter despite Constitutional approval when it was ratified 6 years after the end of the war.
The Constitution of the United States, ratified in 1789, empowered Congress “to provide and maintain a Navy.” In the year 1794 Congress first acted on that power, in response to international crises, by authorizing the procuring and manning of six frigates.
Three of those frigates, USS United States, USS Constellation, and USS Constitution, were completed and launched in 1797.
From the end of the war until 1797, the United States’ only armed maritime service was the Revenue Marine (later called the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service, the primary predecessor of the U.S. Coast Guard), founded in 1790 at the prompting of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
it was not until the Naval Act of 1794 that Congress established a permanent standing navy although it took years more for the ships to actually be built and manned (~1797). Congress finally acted in response to the continuous, historical depredations against all people by the Barbary Pirates– N. African muzzies, sound familiar?
Barbary corsair attacks were common … [17th century on the southern coast of Europe-Dink]
Occasionally coastal raids reached farther afield. Iceland was subject to raids in 1627. Jan Janszoon, (Murat Reis the Younger) is said to have taken 400 prisoners; 242 of the captives later were sold into slavery on the Barbary Coast. …
Ireland was subject to a similar attack. In June 1631 Murat Reis, with corsairs from Algiers and armed troops of the Ottoman Empire, stormed ashore at the little harbor village of Baltimore, County Cork. They captured almost all the villagers and took them away to a life of slavery in North Africa. The prisoners were destined for a variety of fates — some lived out their days chained to the oars as galley slaves, while others would spend long years as concubines in harems or within the walls of the sultan’s palace. Only two of them ever saw Ireland again. …
More than 20,000 captives were said to be imprisoned in Algiers alone. [time frame unclear but possibly around the time of the above raids -Dink]
The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian slaves for the Ottoman slave trade as well as the general Muslim market in North Africa and the Middle East. …
Payments in ransom and tribute to the Barbary states amounted to 20% of United States government annual expenditures in 1800. …
In March 1785, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams went to London to negotiate with Tripoli’s envoy, Ambassador Sidi Haji Abdrahaman. When they enquired “concerning the ground of the pretensions to make war upon nations who had done them no injury”, the ambassador replied:
It was written in their Koran, that all nations which had not acknowledged the Prophet were sinners, whom it was the right and duty of the faithful to plunder and enslave; and that every mussulman who was slain in this warfare was sure to go to paradise. He said, also, that the man who was the first to board a vessel had one slave over and above his share, and that when they sprang to the deck of an enemy’s ship, every sailor held a dagger in each hand and a third in his mouth; which usually struck such terror into the foe that they cried out for quarter at once.
Again, does ANY of this sound familiar?
We went to war twice with these vermin, 1801 & 1815, finally securing peace in the area with the help of the British, the most powerful Navy in the world at that time. Louis Farrakhan would have you believe that it is all lies about the muzzies being some of the most active participants in the slave trade, especially Africa– a religion of peace using the same justification they use for their atrocities today!